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310-044 Sun Certified Network Administrator For Solaris 9

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Test Code : 310-044
Test name : Sun Certified Network Administrator For Solaris 9
Vendor name : SUN
: 320 real Questions

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SUN Sun Certified Network Administrator

Itron community technology amongst First to acquire Wi-solar FAN Certification | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

LIBERTY LAKE, Wash.--(business WIRE)--

Itron network outfit Achieves Certification from Wi-solar Alliance for giant-scale Industrial IoT Networks

Itron, Inc. (ITRI), which is innovating the manner utilities and cities manage power and water, introduced these days the Itron Bridge 5-WS is among the first items to derive hold of Wi-sun box enviornment community (FAN) 1.0 certification. The Wi-solar Alliance granted certification to products according to their compliance to the FAN communications profile and their means to interoperate with other Wi-sun FAN certified items, as verified by means of an unbiased third-celebration checking out laboratory. This vital trade milestone is the outcome of several years of extreme collaboration between many know-how suppliers that encompass management by means of Itron.

In the identical way the web is purchasable to various makes and fashions of smartphones and computer systems, the Wi-sun FAN 1.0 commonplace allows several industrial contraptions to interconnect onto normal, at ease, industrial-grade networks. The certification of the Itron equipment, with built-in Gen5 NIC hardware, suggests the Itron community platform is in a position to supporting the Wi-sun FAN 1.0 specification. This NIC can live used in a variety of instruments in an industrial IoT community.

“Itron together with other key Promoter members of the Wi-solar Alliance including their long-time strategic accomplice Cisco maintain tested their commitment to the construction and evolution of this ordinary know-how to create a really interoperable open network ecosystem,” mentioned Sharelynn Moore, senior vice chairman of Networked options at Itron. “we're blissful to live among the first to achieve this initial certification.”

“Certification ensures interoperability, which is key to the increase of IoT innovation,” mentioned Phil Beecher, president and CEO of the Wi-solar Alliance. “we are pleased to formally certify this product.”

About Itron

Itron allows utilities and cities to safely, securely and reliably bring vital infrastructure features to communities in additional than a hundred nations. Their portfolio of smart networks, software, capabilities, meters and sensors helps their purchasers more advantageous manipulate electricity, fuel and water resources for the individuals they serve. by means of working with their purchasers to ensure their success, they support enhance the excellent of existence, live sure the safeguard and promote the smartly-being of thousands and thousands of americans world wide. Itron is committed to creating a extra innovative world. join us:

Itron® is a registered trademark of Itron, Inc. everyone third-party trademarks are property of their respective homeowners and any utilization herein doesn't suggest or suggest any relationship between Itron and the third birthday celebration unless expressly stated.

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Landis+Gyr's Gridstream network Node Receives Wi-sun FAN 1.0 Certification | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

ATLANTA, Feb. four, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Landis+Gyr (swiss:LAND.SW) introduced successful certification of its Gridstream® connect network node to the Wi-sun FAN 1.0 typical for sphere locality networks."here is a vital next step for interoperability and encourages building of smart infrastructure components utilities can employ to lengthen the cost of their box networks," talked about Gary high, Senior vice president of advertising and Product administration at Landis+Gyr.  "Our purchasers are already realizing the benefits of deploying most effective-fit know-how of their networks, and they maintain designed their Gridstream join platform to deliver springy networking and outfit integration from the fringe of the grid to the back workplace."

field enviornment networks deliver insurance for speaking utility belongings such as sensible meters, sensors and automation devices. With a growing marketplace for grid-facet purposes, the employ of regular requisites for FAN connectivity broadens the options purchasable and will assist pace construction of latest devices.

Wi-sun's FAN Certification application provides compliance checking out of community accessories and contraptions to a communications profile developed from germane open necessities and certifies the product's capability to interoperate.

Gridstream join links quick-witted gadgets with springy communique alternatives for plenty of capabilities starting from advanced metering and distribution automation to buyer date and street light administration. The certified community node is built to reside on quite a lot of ingenious grid-part devices able to running purposes for smart communities, while aiding original energy distribution recommendations.

All Wi-solar certified items are rigorously demonstrated through a 3rd-birthday celebration test lab to live sure the instruments work together easily and securely. licensed devices embrace a digital certificate to authenticate entry to a Wi-sun FAN community, which tremendously reduces vulnerability to cyber security threats.

About Landis+Gyr

Landis+Gyr is the main global company of built-in energy administration solutions for the utility sector. providing probably the most broadest portfolios of products and functions to manipulate complicated commerce challenges, the company offers finished options for the foundation of a better grid, including smart metering, distribution community sensing and automation tools, load handle, and analytics. Landis+Gyr operates in over 30 countries across five continents. With revenue of approximately USD 1.7 billion, the company employs c. 6,000 individuals with the sole mission of assisting the locality control power more desirable. more assistance is available at

about the Wi-sun Alliance

The Wi-sun Alliance is a worldwide non-profit member-primarily based affiliation made up of industry main corporations. Its mission is to pressure the global proliferation of interoperable instant solutions for employ in smart cities, sensible grids and different internet of things (IoT) functions the employ of open world requisites from agencies, akin to IEEE802, IETF, TIA, TTC and ETSI. With greater than 200 members worldwide, membership of the Wi-sun Alliance is open to everyone trade stakeholders and contains silicon providers, product carriers, services suppliers, utilities, universities, organisations and municipalities and native government companies. For more assistance, gratify search recommendation from:

Wi-solar Alliance and the Wi-solar Alliance brand are emblems of the Wi-sun Alliance.

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source Landis+Gyr

Copyright (C) 2019 PR Newswire. everyone rights reserved

Wi-solar Alliance Drives dawn of Open, cozy and Interoperable options, with Availability of First Wi-sun box locality community licensed items | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

SAN RAMON, California, Feb. 4, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The Wi-solar Alliance, a world ecosystem of member companies in quest of to accelerate the implementation of open standards-based mostly box enviornment Networks (FAN) and the web of things (IoT), today introduced that the primary wave of participants maintain efficaciously completed interoperability checking out to become the primary options to obtain Wi-solar FAN certification.

"necessities and interoperability are key to persevered boom for the IoT industry," says Phil Beecher, President and CEO of the Wi-solar Alliance. "the availability of certified Wi-sun FAN options delivers on their mission to proffer utilities, cities and repair suppliers adaptable multi-provider networks which will assist outcome sure interoperability today and for future generations."

The options from Cisco, Itron, Nissin systems, Kyoto college, Landis+Gyr, Renesas and ROHM tackle the needs of utilities, metropolis developers and different provider providers to simplify and assist huge-scale, outdoor networks for sensible cities, wise utilities and other IoT rollouts.

Wi-sun FAN is a communications infrastructure for terribly colossal-scale networks, enabling many gadgets to interconnect on one typical network. All Wi-sun certified products were carefully proven by using Allion check Labs in Taiwan, the primary verify lab to achieve Wi-sun FAN 1.0 validation, to outcome sure the instruments labored collectively effortlessly and securely to ensure rapid time to market. Upon a hit verify completion, authorised products are authorized to array the Wi-sun certified FAN logo, which indicates to users that these products are compliant with open requirements, interoperable, relaxed and scalable and will furthermore live deployed with self belief. To gain erudition of extra about Wi-solar product certification, gratify search recommendation from

Wi-solar FAN licensed items:

Cisco:  carried out the very first Wi-solar FAN 1.0 certification with its IR509 WPAN Industrial Router, which can live deployed into a various set of web of issues purposes together with: sensible metering, sensible grids, distribution automation, supervisory control and information acquisition, and road lighting.  dedicated to the Wi-sun program, Cisco has contributed assorted glance at various mattress units for the Wi-solar FAN certification program.

Itron: The Wi-sun FAN certified Itron Bridge5-WS is a key fragment of the Itron community platform that allows for cities and utilities to charge-conveniently integrate industrial IoT and utility manipulate and monitoring devices onto a at ease, respectable and open requirements-based mostly Wi-solar FAN. With this certification, Itron continues its lengthy-time management within the Wi-solar Alliance main up to this milestone, including remarkable contributions to the building of the FAN Technical Profile, Compliance check way and check mattress. 

Nissin systems, Kyoto school, and ROHM: Collaborated on the progress of the EW-WSN BP35C4, which has carried out Wi-sun FAN certification. The EW-WSN BP35C4 is a multi-purpose module compliant with Wi-solar FAN 1.0 router with a UART interface. it's effortless to combine in wise utilities and a variety of IoT instruments.

Landis+Gyr: The N550 community Node is a vital fragment of Gridstream® connect, the industry main utility IoT solution that supplies flexibility for applications equivalent to AMI, distribution automation, customer engagement, sensible cities, DER integration and greater. For greater assistance gratify visit:

ProCubed: offered verify outfit for the certification testing ambiance together with: 1) ProShark Plus (Wi-sun FAN 1.0 Protocol Analyzer), 2) verify bed Controller (pro-Si-solar FAN1.0-915-TBC

Renesas: selected to provide one of the interoperability examine mattress gadgets for the Wi-sun FAN certification program and accomplished Wi-solar FAN 1.0 certification with its RF (RAA604S00)+ MCU (RX651) wireless solution.

make sure to contend with us at DistribuTECH 2019The Wi-sun Alliance will expose off Wi-sun FAN licensed solutions from Cisco, Itron, Landis+Gyr, Nissin programs and Renesas at DistribuTECH 2019 in sales space 11225.

be fragment of the Wi-solar Alliance and utilities Hawaiian electric powered, Xcel energy and Avangrid for the smart metropolis/IoT panel session: box locality Networks support Utility and wise city Initiatives on Wednesday, February 6th, 2019, from 1:30 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. in rooms 280-282. Panelists will talk about how fans are fitting a a must maintain component within the introduction of wise cities.

also attain not miss the expanding the Grid erudition Hub on the expose floor sales space 12031 scheduled for Thursday, February 7th from 10:00 AM -11:00 AM. Iker Urrutia from Iberdrola will talk about interoperability applied to smart metering and how Wi-sun technology is the communication protocol chosen to tackle the problem for an upcoming mission in the state of ny. Phil Beecher, President and CEO of the Wi-solar Alliance will deliver an profile of the Wi-sun Alliance corporation, the specification for container enviornment Networks, and an replace on certification popularity, technical collaborations with different companies, and plans for the long run.

about the Wi-solar AllianceThe Wi-solar Alliance is a global non-income member-based mostly association made of industry main agencies. Its mission is to power the world proliferation of interoperable instant options to live used in wise cities, sensible grids and different web of issues (IoT) purposes the employ of open world specifications from groups, akin to IEEE802, IETF, TIA, TTC and ETSI. With more than 200 individuals worldwide, membership of the Wi-solar Alliance is open to everyone commerce stakeholders and contains silicon vendors, product carriers, functions suppliers, utilities, universities, organizations and municipalities and local executive groups. For greater assistance, gratify consult with:

Wi-solar Alliance and the Wi-solar Alliance emblem are emblems of the Wi-sun Alliance.

linked links

supply Wi-solar Alliance

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Sun Certified Network Administrator For Solaris 9

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Solaris 8 User Administration Tools | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Peter Gregory discusses user account configuration files; adding, modifying, and deleting user accounts with Admintool and shell commands; user shells; and user account commands in Solaris 8.

This sample chapter is excerpted from Sun Certified System Administrator for Solaris 8 Study Guide, by Peter Gregory.

This chapter is from the engage 

After completing this chapter, you'll live able to

  • Identify the following login procedures: log into a system, log out of a system, and change login passwords.

  • State the command used to identify which users are currently logged into the system.

  • State the steps required to create user accounts on the local system using the admintool utility.

  • State the command syntax to add, modify, or delete user/group accounts on the local system with the useradd, groupadd, usermod, groupmod, userdel, or groupdel commands.

  • Given a user's login shell, list the shell initialization files used to set up a user's work environment at login.

  • To fulfill these objectives, this chapter discusses:

  • User account configuration files;

  • Adding, modifying, and deleting user accounts with Admintool;

  • Adding, modifying, and deleting user accounts with shell commands;

  • User shells; and

  • User account commands.

  • Three principal files define the identity of a user account: the password file, the shadow file, and the group file.

    The Password File

    The password file contains the basic identifying information for each user allowed to access a system. The system location of the password file is /etc/passwd. The format of the password file is:


    These fields are:

  • username—the name that identifies the user account.

  • password—in Solaris 8 an "x" in this sphere signifies that the corresponding shadow file contains the encrypted password string.

  • uid—the unique numerical ID assigned to the account. The maximum value for UID is 2147483647, but administrators are urged to employ values less than 60,000 to ensure compatibility with everyone of the tools that are used to manage accounts or array information that includes usernames.

  • gid—the primary (default) numerical group ID assigned to the account. relish the UID field, the maximum value for GID is 2147483647, but a maximum of 60,000 is preferable.

  • gcos-field—this is the user's real name (the term "gcos-field" is the historical term for this field).

  • home-dir—the directory where the user is placed after logging in; this usually contains the user's own files and directories.

  • login-shell—the initial shell that is started on behalf of the user upon logging in. If this sphere is blank, then /usr/bin/sh is used.

  • The password file can live read by anyone on the system. There is no information that must live kept secret in this file. A sample password file looks relish this:

    root:x:0:1:Super-User:/:/sbin/sh daemon:x:1:1::/: bin:x:2:2::/usr/bin: sys:x:3:3::/: adm:x:4:4:Admin:/var/adm: lp:x:71:8:Line Printer Admin:/usr/spool/lp: uucp:x:5:5:uucp Admin:/usr/lib/uucp: nuucp:x:9:9:uucp Admin:/var/spool/uucppublic:/usr/lib/uucp/uucico listen:x:37:4:Network Admin:/usr/net/nls: pete:x:100:4:Peter Gregory:/export/home/pete:/bin/sh nobody:x:60001:60001:Nobody:/:

    Fields in the password file are delimited by colons (":"), and blank fields are signified by two adjacent colons ("::"). For instance, note that the account name sphere for daemon is blank—just two colons. Also, daemon has no shell entry, so the final character for daemon is the colon delimiter.

    The colon delimiter is furthermore used in the shadow and group files, which are discussed in a later section.

    It is viable and permissible to create more than one username in the password file with the identical UID. Each username will maintain its own unique password. However, tools such as ls and ps, when used with options displaying username, will array the first username institute in the password file matching the UID.

    When a original account is added, changed, or removed with the useradd, usermod, or userdel commands (which are discussed later in this chapter), the system creates a backup copy of the password file, called /etc/opasswd.

    The Shadow File

    The shadow file contains each user account's encrypted password, as well as specific per-account parameters governing "password aging." The system location of the shadow file is /etc/shadow. The format of the shadow file is:


    These fields are:

  • username—this is the identical username institute in the password file.

  • password—a 13-character encrypted password. If this sphere contains a lock string (e.g., "locked" or "NP"), the account is inaccessible; if blank, the account has no password.

  • lastchg—date of final password change (literally the number of days between January 1, 1970, and the date the password was final changed).

  • min—minimum number of days allowed before the password can live changed.

  • max—maximum number of days allowed before the password expires.

  • warn—the number of days prior to expiration that the user is warned.

  • inactive—the number of days of inactivity allowed for the account before the account is automatically locked.

  • expire—the date when the user account is deactivated.

  • flag—a sphere reserved for future use.

  • The shadow file is restricted so that only the system administrator can read it. This is because an intruder could perform a "dictionary attack," using guessable passwords in an attempt to determine the passwords for one or more accounts. Programs that "crack" account passwords are available for this purpose; thus, the shadow file is not publicly readable.

    A sample shadow file looks relish this:

    root:Pe0iQfp2LcAig:10528:::::: daemon:NP:6445:::::: bin:NP:6445:::::: sys:NP:6445:::::: adm:nIP3GPx2FIZYQ:11053:::::: lp:NP:6445:::::: uucp:NP:6445:::::: nuucp:NP:6445:::::: listen:*LK*::::::: pete:GSSUYVrJ8EKyA:11055:::::: nobody:NP:6445::::::

    Note that some of the accounts in the case shadow file maintain "NP" ("no password") or "*LK*" (locked) in them. These are just two ways of signifying that the accounts are locked against login. There is nothing really magic about "NP" or "*LK*"—they are just one way of easily showing that these accounts are locked and going to stay that way. You could Put other text in the password sphere to suit your needs; for instance, a helpdesk ticket number or a date.

    When a user changes his or her password, the system creates a backup copy of the shadow file, called /etc/oshadow. This furthermore occurs if root changes a user's password.

    Exam Notes

    Think About It . . .

    Why are encrypted passwords institute in /etc/shadow and not in /etc/passwd?

    For many commands (ps, ls, etc.) to work properly, /etc/passwd must live world readable. Prior to the employ of /etc/shadow, everyone users' encrypted password strings were furthermore publicly readable. This gave people with "password cracking" programs an opportunity to discover other users' passwords. By touching the encrypted password strings to /etc/shadow (which can live read only by root), the competence to access encrypted passwords is eliminated.

    First, a bit of history. Older versions of UNIX did not maintain a shadow file; instead, the encrypted password string was institute in the password file, in the second sphere that is usually filled with an "x" in Solaris. Solaris still supports the encrypted password appearing in the password file, although this is not advisable, since the password file is publicly readable.

    Older versions of UNIX with no shadow file furthermore had no password-aging capability.

    The Network Information System (NIS) subsystem was designed around the obsolete shadow-less architecture; this explains why NIS has no shadow map, nor does it support password aging.

    The Group File

    The group file contains a listing of everyone of the groups on the system, along with each group's numeric groupid and a list of each of the usernames that are secondary members of each group. The location of the group file is /etc/group. The format of the group file is:


    These fields are:

  • groupname—this is the name of the group.

  • password—this is an optional password for the group.

  • gid—the unique numerical ID assigned to the group. The maximum value for GID is 2147483647, but administrators are urged to employ values less than 60,000 to ensure compatibility with everyone of the tools that are used to manage accounts or array information that includes group names.

  • user-list—a comma-separated list of users allowed in the group. These groups are users' secondary group IDs.

  • A sample group file follows.

    root::0:root other::1: bin::2:root,bin,daemon sys::3:root,bin,sys,adm adm::4:root,adm,daemon uucp::5:root,uucp mail::6:root tty::7:root,tty,adm lp::8:root,lp,adm nuucp::9:root,nuucp staff:GSSUYVrJ8EKyA:10:pete daemon::12:root,daemon sysadmin::14: nobody::60001: noaccess::60002: nogroup::65534:

    Note the password sphere in the group "staff." Groups can live password protected by putting a password string into the password field. Note, though, that this is a completely manual process; there are no tools provided to Put the group password in for you.

    Hint: You can assume a password string from the shadow file and employ the vi editor to splice it into the group file. The group password will live the identical as the account password from the shadow entry where you took the password string.

    When a group is password protected, anyone who is not a member of the group will live challenged for the group's password when they maintain entered the newgrp command.

    Primary and Secondary Groupids

    Each user account has one primary groupid—this is the group defined in the password file. When a user logs on, this is his or her associated groupid.

    Each user account furthermore has zero or more secondary groupids. A user's secondary groups are those group entries that embrace the username in their lists of members.

    There are some useful limitations of groupids. For example, each user account can live in no more than 16 groups, and a line in the group file cannot exceed 512 characters (including the newline character).

    What happens if you necessity to add so many members to a group that you exceed the 512-character entry limit? You simply create another duplicate group entry—same name and group number—and list the additional members there.

    The primary and secondary groupids directly impact file system access permissions, which is explored fully in Chapter 10.

    Exam Notes

    Think About It . . .

    What would live the outcome if a username were added to a group file entry when that group was the user's primary group?

    The additional entry would maintain no effect, since the user is already configured for the primary group membership in the /etc/passwd file.

    The Root Account

    The root account has special privileges on a system: Root is permitted to read and write every file on a system, regardless of the file's ownership and license settings. System administrators log in with the root account so that they can perform administrative tasks.

    The root account gets its power and privilege from the value of its user number: Root is user number zero, defined in the password file.

    Exam Notes

    Think About It . . .

    What would live the effects of changing an ordinary user's user number to zero? What advantage might there live of putting root's entry at the cease of the passwd file (instead of the beginning)?

    Changing an ordinary user's user number to zero gives the user root privileges.

    One advantage of putting root at the cease of the password file is that if an intruder is able to modify the password file to give another user root privilege (see the first question here), then output from commands such as ls and ps would expose that other user as the owner of root processes and files.

    Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) - Oracle Solaris System Administrator | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

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    Initial Requirements:You must complete one of the approved instructor-led online or in-class courses ($1420/self study - $5000). You must then pass the Oracle Solaris Advanced System Administrator Exam ($245). Finally, you must complete the Course Submission Form.

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    OCP Pay Chart:

    Offline Resources:Both instructor-led and CBT courses are available from SUN.

    See everyone Oracle Certifications

    Vendor's page for this certification

    Unix Certification, Certificate and Career Education Programs | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    A variety of certifications are available depending on the version of UNIX an individual is using. Oracle ( Solaris 11 (developed originally by Sun Microsystems) has two certifications - Oracle Certified Associate, Oracle Solaris 11 Systems Administrator and Oracle Certified Professional, Oracle Solaris 11 System Administrator. Both certifications require that candidates pass one exam, among other requirements.

    AIX is a UNIX operating system developed by IBM. IBM offers certification as systems experts, operators, and system administrators for the AIX operating system.

    The HP-UX operating system is a UNIX operating system developed by Hewlett-Packard. Certifications are available for administrators at the expert and professional levels.

    Students may live required to assume core courses in programming with C, shell scripting, and UNIX/Linux operating system. Other topics covered include:

  • UNIX fundamentals
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