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251-365 Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)

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251-365 exam Dumps Source : Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)

Test Code : 251-365
Test cognomen : Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)
Vendor cognomen : Symantec
: 294 actual Questions

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Symantec Data Protection Administration for

evaluation: Symantec Endpoint insurance policy 12 | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

I actually believe a confession to make: I’m now not continually blown away via the antivirus application I evaluate.

through the years, I believe discovered to are expecting inescapable things from these functions, and i believe not been terribly shocked by using most types that believe crossed my desk.

actually, definitions evolve, and the potential of detection enhance. however for the most half, antivirus application works its magic via comparing what it sees with a static set of definitions, then taking action when it identifies a match. The interface may furthermore become greater intuitive, deployment extra painless and detection extra accurate, however the routine itself is still mostly unchanged.

but the latest iteration of Symantec Endpoint insurance policy (v.12) changed into a pleasant surprise. With SEP, Symantec changed course.


Symantec seems to believe long past to wonderful lengths to enhance overall performance through practicing the software to prevent scanning files unnecessarily. To obtain this, it has added Symantec perception, expertise that uses facts gathered from more than 175 million opt-in purchasers to cost the security of and allocate reputations to pretty much every executable (.exe) file available. The virus scanner makes consume of this assistance to resolve whether to scan a given file. When a acceptance ranks tremendously, the software will skip it altogether, easily minimizing scan instances and decreasing run-of-the-mill system useful resource utilization.

moreover, the latest rendition of Symantec online network for advanced Response (SONAR) introduces policy enforcement, which helps shroud unusual malicious procedures before definitions develop into obtainable. this is accomplished by means of looking at a application’s habits in actual time whereas leveraging its moves against a behavioral profile. If the discontinuance result of a number of suspicious actions consequences in a terrible score, the gadget will proactively stop the technique and forestall it from additional compromising the computing device. Any administrator who has wrung her palms (or pulled his hair out) while watching for a virus definition supplant will no doubt recognize this added layer of malware protection.

Why it works For IT

The administration console is well designed and light to gain lore of, proposing tools and records for the entire company in a single panel. directors who've used outdated types of SEP will find the layout and well-behaved judgment typical, because it is strikingly similar to that of v.eleven. Most common projects may furthermore exist conducted in lots the selfsame manner as they every single the time had been, from creating custom guidelines to deploying to unusual valued clientele. Any administrator run-of-the-mill with this product household will haven't any issue getting up to speed with alterations in the unusual version.

To assist, Symantec preconfigures the policy settings of the Small business edition of SEP 12. That skill administrators can hit the floor running, making customizations as essential.

last, however removed from least, as a result of insight reduces the files scanned and the age of scans, SEP 12’s efficiency is exceedingly better on customer programs, leading to a higher generic undergo for discontinuance clients.


notwithstanding the Small company version boasts advances, they forward at a value. The product turns into a well-behaved deal more affordable when a solid passes the 25-customer mark, and valued clientele acquire extra coupon codes for longer subscription terms.

BT and Symantec to raise insurance blueprint of network site visitors and Simplify safety administration | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

SAN FRANCISCO, Feb 14, 2017 (business WIRE) -- RSA conference– BT, probably the most world’s main suppliers of communications features and solutions, and Symantec, the realm’s leading cyber protection business, these days introduced the integration of Symantec’s newest technology into BT’s portfolio of managed safety features.

With this unusual settlement, BT customers will advantage from better visibility of incoming web traffic and from simplified administration of community security and hybrid cloud infrastructure.

Two unusual Symantec items will complement the current Symantec Blue Coat ProxySG service to bolster BT’s Managed web security portfolio: Symantec SSL Visibility apparatus and Symantec Cloud carrier.

Symantec SSL Visibility apparatus enables establishments to cost-quite simply find rid of blind spots that comprise the inability of perception into encrypted facts traffic on networks. on the grounds that about half of every single cyber web site visitors these days is encrypted, this can create a great gap in an company’s security posture. With SSL Visibility appliance, consumers gain the visibility and control they necessity over encrypted site visitors to assist exist inescapable compliance with their privateness, regulatory and desirable consume policies.

Symantec Cloud provider offers international coverage and helps configuration sure always-on safety for user devices towards malware, viruses and superior threats. It leverages true-time intelligence from Symantec’s international Intelligence community, the realm’s biggest civilian random intelligence network, which harnesses information from more than 1 billion internet requests, 2 billion emails, and one hundred seventy five million endpoints to update safety controls with finished threat telemetry in precise-time.

The agreement announced nowadays furthermore permits access to the Symantec administration Centre platform required for the unusual Symantec SSL Visibility appliance and Symantec Cloud carrier. This replaces the existing Blue Coat Directorcapability, that will proceed to exist supported except at the least 2020 for latest valued clientele.

Mike Fey, president and Chief operating Officer, Symantec, noted: “expanding Symantec’s capabilities inside BT’s portfolio will provide BT shoppers a complete provider that is required in these days’s cyber protection environment. through offering committed SSL visibility we can fight protection threats hidden in encrypted traffic so that shoppers can focal point on censorious business priorities. And the Symantec Cloud carrier enables customers to extend their effectual Blue Coat web protection capabilities to their cell group of workers, assisting to offer protection to clients and tips on any device and from any area.”

Mark Hughes, CEO, BT protection, stated: “Monitoring community environments has turn into more and more advanced over the final few years, and improving visibility of encrypted site visitors recreation and selecting blind spots is a must-have for a secure and secure business. Their agreement with Symantec helps address this subject and is a brand unusual step in presenting a full, finished apparatus that equips Chief counsel protection Officers with the administrative apparatus mandatory to monitor their networks.”

About Symantec

Symantec company SYMC, -0.forty five% the realm’s main cyber protection business, helps organizations, governments and americans relaxed their most vital information anyplace it lives. companies the world over appear to exist to Symantec for strategic, integrated solutions to guard against refined assaults across endpoints, cloud and infrastructure. Likewise, a global community of greater than 50 million individuals and households depend on Symantec’s Norton suite of items for insurance policy at home and across every single of their instruments. Symantec operates one of the most world’s largest civilian cyber intelligence networks, enabling it to eye and give protection to towards essentially the most advanced threats. For more information, gratify talk over with or connect with us on fb

About BT

BT’s goal is to consume the power of communications to configuration a far better world. It is among the world’s main suppliers of communications services and solutions, serving consumers in one hundred eighty international locations. Its predominant actions comprise the supply of networked IT services globally; local, national and international telecommunications services to its consumers to exist used at domestic, at work and on the stream; broadband, television and information superhighway items and capabilities; and converged fixed-mobile items and services. BT includes six customer-dealing with traces of enterprise: buyer, EE, company and Public Sector, international features, Wholesale and Ventures, and Openreach.

For the 12 months ended 31 March 2016, BT group’s pronounced profits turned into £19,042m with said earnings before taxation of £three,029m.

British Telecommunications plc (BT) is a totally-owned subsidiary of BT community plc and encompasses just about every single corporations and assets of the BT community. BT group plc is listed on inventory exchanges in London and great apple.

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Symantec CorporationMara Mort,

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Symantec Extends data Loss Prevention Platform With DRM | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

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Data Protection Administration for Windows (NBU 6.5)

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Configuring a Workgroup Network | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

This chapter is from the bespeak 

After your network hardware has been installed, whether it’s wired or wireless, the next step is to configuration sure that Windows’ networking software is set up correctly. This procedure is different for XP and Vista, so I’ll evanesce through the steps for each operating system separately. If you believe both XP and Vista computers on your network, they’ll work together just fine, as long as you set up both types using the following instructions. I cover XP first, then Vista.

After you’ve set up basic networking, you may want to configuration some optional settings. So after covering initial setup for XP and Vista, the remnant of this section covers the following topics:

  • IP addressing options
  • Networking with Windows 9x and Me
  • Designating a master browser
  • Providing a shared Internet connection
  • You may want to review every single these topics before starting to set up your network.

    Setting Up a Network on XP

    Windows XP comes with a Networking Setup Wizard program that can automatically configure file sharing and Internet access for each of the computers on your network. The wizard lets you configuration a few basic choices, but otherwise takes imbue of every single the technical details for you. You believe to flee this wizard at least once, whether you want to or not. For security reasons, Windows doesn’t enable file and printer sharing until this wizard has been flee at least once.

    To start the wizard on XP, click Start, Control Panel, Network and Internet Connections, and Set Up or Change Your Home or Small Office Network. Read the “Checklist for Creating a Network” if you want, and then click Next. succeed the wizard through the following steps.

    Select a Connection Method

    The wizard asks you to select a statement that best describes your computer. The choices can exist confusing, so esteem them each carefully. They are

  • This Computer Connects Directly to the Internet. The Other Computers...Connect...Through This Computer—Choose this if you want this computer to share its Internet connection with the repose of your LAN using Windows Internet Connection Sharing, which is discussed later in the chapter. This computer will connect to the Internet through a dial-up modem or a cable/DSL modem. In the latter case, you’ll necessity two network adapters in this computer: one for the LAN connection and one to connect to the DSL or cable modem. In any case, exist sure that you’ve already configured and tested your Internet connection before setting up the LAN.
  • This Computer Connects to the Internet Through Another Computer on My Network or Through a Residential Gateway—Choose this if your network has a hardware Internet connection-sharing router, or if you’ve set up some other computer to share its connection with Internet Connection Sharing.

    Also, consume this choice if your LAN has routed Internet service, such as that provided by a DSL, cable, ISDN, or Frame Relay router connected to your network hub, and the router for that service has been configured to filter out Windows networking traffic, which we’ll debate later in this chapter.

  • To find to the next three options, click Other. These alternatives are as follows:

  • This Computer Connects to the Internet Directly or Through a Network Hub. Other Computers on My Network furthermore Connect [this way]—Select this if your computer uses its own dial-up or direct DSL/cable Internet connection, but you accomplish not want to consume Windows’s Internet Connection Sharing to share the connection with the repose of your LAN.

    Also, consume this selection if you consume “multiple-computer” cable Internet service with no router. (I strongly urge you not to consume this sort of connection—please read “Providing Shared Internet Access” later in this chapter for notable warnings.)

  • This Computer Connects Directly to the Internet. I accomplish Not believe a Network Yet—You would consume this choice if you had a direct Internet connection (that is, a cable or DSL modem that uses a network adapter), but no LAN. Because you’re setting up a LAN, this choice probably isn’t appropriate.

    You accomplish want to consume this choice if you are setting up a network only to consume a shared Internet connection, and don’t want to share files with other computers. This might exist the case if you are sharing an Internet connection in an apartment structure or other public space, for instance. In this case, this choice indicates that you esteem your network to exist as untrustworthy as the Internet itself.

  • This Computer Belongs to a Network That Does Not believe an Internet Connection—Select this if your computer will connect to the Internet using dial-up networking or AOL, or if your computer will never connect to the Internet.
  • Make the confiscate selection and click Next.

    Select Your Internet Connection

    If you chose one of the “This computer is directly connected to the Internet” choices, Windows presents a list of options for making that connection, listing your network adapters and your configured dial-up connections. pick the connection that is used to attain the Internet and click Next. If you consume a dial-up or PPPoE connection (frequently used with DSL service), pick the confiscate dial-up connection. Otherwise pick the network adapter that connects to your broadband modem.

    Give This Computer a Description and Name

    Enter a brief description of the computer (such as its location or primary user) and a cognomen for the computer. pick a cognomen using just letters and/or numbers with no spaces or punctuation. Each computer on your LAN must believe a different name.

    If you’re difficult pressed to forward up with names, try the names of gemstones, composers, Impressionist painters, or even Star Wars characters, as long as Mr. Lucas’ lawyers don’t hear about it. I consume the names of islands in the Indonesian archipelago—with more than 25,000 to pick from there’s minute random of running out of unique names!

    Some Internet service providers, especially cable providers, require you consume a cognomen that they provide. (If you believe a hardware connection-sharing device hooked up to your cable modem, enter that cognomen into the hardware device and consume any names you want on your LAN.)

    Name Your Network

    Choose a cognomen for your network workgroup. This cognomen is used to identify which computers should loom in your list of network choices later on. every single computers on your LAN should believe the selfsame workgroup name. The wizard puts MSHOME into the cognomen field, but I strongly suggest that you change it to WORKGROUP, which is the default on both earlier and later versions of Windows.

    File and Printer Sharing

    The wizard asks whether you want turn file and printer sharing on or off. Select Turn On File and Printer Sharing unless your network will hold computers that you don’t trust; that is, computers in a public area, computers on a public wireless network, computers whose users you don’t know, and so on. (If you later change your mind, or poke your computer from one network to another, you can turn file sharing on or off using the Exceptions tab on the Windows Firewall control panel.)

    Ready to Apply Network Settings

    The wizard lets you review your selections. Click Next to proceed.

    You’re Almost Finished...

    You necessity to flee the wizard on every single the computers on your LAN at least once. If every single the computers consume Windows XP, select Just Finish the Wizard, and then flee the wizard on each of your other computers. If you believe computers running versions of Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, or 2000, you can create a disk that lets you flee the wizard on these older machines, or you can consume your Windows XP CD-ROM on these computers.

    To consume a disk, pick Create a Network Setup Disk, and insert a blank, formatted floppy disk. If you ran the wizard earlier and just changed some of the settings, pick consume the Network Setup Disk I Already Have, and reinsert the setup disk you created earlier. Otherwise, pick Just Finish the Wizard; I Don’t necessity to flee the Wizard on Other Computers.

    Now, continue with the next section to review the IP addressing choices made on your network, as discussed in the section titled “IP Addressing Options.”

    Setting Up a Network on Vista

    Surprisingly, Windows Vista does not believe a network setup wizard to walk you through setting up file sharing for a home or small office network. If you’ve just set up a wireless network, the procedure I described earlier under “Wireless Networking” took imbue of the wireless connection itself. But, after the wireless connection is set up, or if you’ve just installed a wired Ethernet or HomePNA (phoneline) network, you believe to check or change a few other settings before you can share files and printers on your unusual network.

    If your network is going to exist used only to share an Internet connection, you don’t necessity to achieve these steps. But, if you accomplish want to share files and/or printers among the computers on your network, you must check the following settings:

  • Ensure that each computer has the selfsame workgroup name.
  • Enable file and printer sharing.
  • If you consume a third-party firewall product, permit file and printer sharing data to pass through the firewall.
  • I pick you through these steps in detail in the following sections.

    Each computer on the network must believe a unique computer name. In addition, each computer has a workgroup cognomen that should exist the selfsame on each of your computers. I recommend that you consume WORKGROUP as the workgroup name—yes, it’s unimaginative, but most Windows computers forward with this cognomen preset, so we’ll evanesce with it.

    To check the workgroup cognomen on your Vista computers, click Start, right-click Computer, and select Properties. The workgroup cognomen is shown under the heading Computer Name, Domain and Workgroup Settings. If any computer has a different workgroup name, click the Change Settings button and endorse the User Account Control prompt. When the System Properties dialog appears, click Change and type WORKGROUP under the Workgroup button. Click OK, and then let Windows restart.

    Enable File and Printer Sharing

    To enable File and Printer Sharing on Vista, click Start, Control Panel. Select Network and Internet, and then Network and Sharing Center, shown in device 6.5.

    Figure 6.5

    Figure 6.5 The Network and Sharing heart lets you control Vista’s sharing features.

    The first thing to note is the network type that you originally selected when you started Windows after installing your network. When you connect Vista to any network, wireless or wired, it probes the other devices on the network to descry whether it’s been connected to the selfsame network before, or if the network is new. The first time Vista is connected to a unusual network, it asks you whether the network is Public or Private. If you label the network Public, it’s considered to exist “dangerous” in that you wouldn’t want to trust other users to descry the contents of your computer, and so file sharing, network device discovery, and other services are disabled on that network connection. If you label the network Private, network services such as file sharing can exist enabled.

    So before you can share files, check the label next to your network’s cognomen (which is usually just Network). If the label is Public, click the word Customize. Check Private, click Next, verify the User Account Control prompt, and then click Close.

    Now, check the following settings:

  • Network Discovery—Should exist On.
  • File Sharing—Should exist On.
  • Public Folder Sharing—The Public Documents folder is used for files that you want every single users on your computer to exist able to descry and use. Set Public Folder Sharing feature to On if you want the Public Documents folder to visible to other users on your network as well.
  • Printer Sharing—Should exist On.
  • Password Protected Sharing—I debate this feature in more detail later in this chapter under “Simple File Sharing.”
  • Media Sharing—Set to On if you believe a library of music and video that you want to configuration available to other users and to media playback devices on your network (such as the Roku Soundbridge).
  • If you necessity to change any of these settings, click the small v in the coterie to the right of the feature cognomen and change the setting. You will probably necessity to verify a User Account Control prompt.

    At this point, file and printer sharing is ready to go. There is one more step only if you’ve added a third-party firewall program to your computer.

    Open Firewall

    If you’ve added a third-party network firewall program to your computer, just setting File and Printer Sharing On may not exist enough to let other computers “see” your computer or consume any folders or printers you share. You may necessity to pick extra steps to open your firewall to Windows file sharing data. You’ll believe to check the manufacturer’s instructions for the specifics, but what you want to accomplish is to permit inbound and outbound Windows File Sharing data traffic. If your firewall requires you to specify TCP and UDP port numbers, exist sure that the following protocols and ports are open:

  • UDP port 135
  • UDP port 136
  • TCP port 137
  • TCP port 445
  • Open these ports to other computers on your selfsame network (same subnet).

    IP Addressing Options

    Windows uses TCP/IP as its primary network protocol. Each computer on the network needs to believe a unique IP address assigned to it. There are three ways that IP addresses can exist assigned:

  • Manually, in what is called static IP addressing. You would select an address for each computer and enter it manually.
  • Dynamically, through the DHCP service provided by Internet Connection Sharing, a Windows NT/200x server, or a hardware connection-sharing router.
  • Automatically, though Windows’ Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing (APIPA) mechanism. If Windows computers are configured for dynamic IP addressing but there is no DHCP server present, Windows automatically assigns IP addresses. This is the least desirable option.
  • By default, a newly installed network adapter will exist set up for dynamic addressing. I recommend that you accomplish not trust on APIPA to configure your network. In my experience, it can occasions horrendous slowdowns on your computers. If you don’t believe a device or computer to provide DHCP service, configure static TCP/IP addresses.

    Configuring Dynamic (DHCP) IP Address Assignment

    By default, Windows sets up newly installed network adapters to consume dynamic IP address assignment, so for unusual adapters, you don’t necessity to pick any additional configuration steps.

    You will necessity a computer or hardware device to provide DHCP service (which provides configuration information) to every single your other computers. This is provided automatically by any Windows computer that runs Windows Internet Connection Sharing (there can exist at most one such computer on a network), by the addition of an Internet connection-sharing router, or a wireless access point that includes an Internet connection-sharing feature. (Alternately, you could flee the DHCP service on a Windows Server computer. These operating systems can exist used on workgroup networks as well as domain networks, although setting them up is beyond the scope of this book.)

    If you are using Windows Internet Connection Sharing, it assigns IP address with a network mask of to the network adapter in the sharing computer. Other computers should exist configured for dynamic addressing and receive addresses from on up.

    If you are configuring a hardware Internet Connection Sharing router, you may necessity to enable and configure its DHCP server. Usually, the DHCP feature is enabled by default, so you accomplish not necessity to configure it. If you do, you can consume the following settings:

    DHCP Server:


    Server IP address:

    DHCP starting address:

    Number of addresses:


    DNS server(s):

    (As provided by your ISP)

    Some routers prefer to consume a different subnet (range of network addresses)—for instance, 192.168.1.x. Whichever ambit you use, exist sure to consume the selfsame subnet ambit for any static IP addresses you assign. There is more information on setting up IP address ranges in the online Appendix C, “Remote Desktop and Remote Assistance” in the discussion of enabling Remote Desktop.

    Configuring Static IP Addresses

    You’ll want to set up static (fixed) IP addresses for some or every single of your computers in three situations:

  • If your network has no shared Internet connection and no router, you’ll want to allocate static IP address for every single your computers, so you won’t exist slowed down by the Automatic IP configuration mechanism.
  • If you believe computers that you want to attain from the Internet—for example, one or more computers that you want to exist able to consume via Remote Desktop—you’ll want to allocate a static IP address at least to those computers; the others can believe their IP addresses assigned automatically.
  • If you believe network-attached printers or print servers, you’ll necessity to allocate static IP addresses to these devices. You necessity to enter these addresses when you’re setting up Windows to consume the printers.
  • The goal in assigning static IP addresses is to ensure that each computer on your network has a unique IP address, shared by no other, and that every single the other TCP/IP setup information is the selfsame on every computer.

    I suggest you configuration a worksheet that lists the setup information for your network. Determining what settings to consume depends on the type of network you have, which will exist one of the following three choices:

  • If your network does not believe a router, and you are not using Windows Internet Connection Sharing, consume the following values for your computers:

    IP Address:

    192.168.0.x, where x is a number from 200 on up

    Network Mask:

    Gateway Address:

    Leave blank

    DNS Server:

    Leave blank

  • If your network has a router, connect it and turn on one of your computers. exist sure that the router is configured and working, according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and exist sure that you can view web pages from the attached computer. Then click Start, every single Programs, Accessories, Command Prompt. In the command prompt window, type ipconfig /all and press Enter. configuration a note of the IP address, network mask, gateway address, and DNS server listed in the window. (On Vista, ignore the IPv6 information, and ignore the information for networking adapters that believe the word Tunnel or Teredo in their name.)

    Then consume the following values for any computers and devices that necessity a static IP address:

    IP Address:

    a.b.c.x, where a.b.c are the first three numbers of the IP address you saw in the Command Prompt window, and x is a number from 200 on up. This might discontinuance up being something fancy

    Network Mask:

    As illustrious in the Command Prompt window, usually

    Gateway Address:

    As illustrious in the Command Prompt window, usually something fancy

    DNS Server:

    As illustrious in the Command Prompt window, usually the DNS addresses supplied by your ISP, or in some cases the selfsame as the gateway address.

  • If you are using Windows Internet Connection Sharing, consume the following values for those computers and devices that necessity a static IP address:

    IP Address:

    192.168.0.x, where x is a number from 200 on up

    Network Mask:

    Gateway Address:

    DNS Server:

  • I suggest that you then list on your worksheet every single your computers and any printer devices. Next to each, write down “automatic” if you are letting the computer find its address automatically, or write down the IP address that you will exist setting manually. This way you can retain track of which numbers believe been used already. The finished worksheet might eye something fancy this:

    My Network: Information from command prompt window: IP Address: (so: every single IP addresses will start with 192.168.0) Network Mask: Gateway Address: DNS Servers: My IP Address assignments: java (want to access from Internet with Remote Desktop) sumatra automatic bali automatic HPJetDirect (print server)

    With this worksheet in hand, configure each computer or device that requires a static IP address.

    To allocate an IP address to a computer running Windows XP, consume the following steps:

  • Log on as a Computer Administrator.
  • Open the Network Connections window. Right-click the entry or icon for your LAN adapter (usually labeled Local zone Connection) and select Properties.
  • Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
  • On the generic tab, enter the selected IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, and one or two DNS server IP addresses, as shown in device 6.6.

    Figure 6.6

    Figure 6.6 Enter static IP address information on the generic tab.

  • You can configure your preferred Internet domain cognomen (called the preferred DNS suffix) on the Network Identification page in the System Properties dialog. To find there, right-click [My] Computer and select Properties, or select Advanced, Network Identification in the Network Connections window. View the Computer cognomen tab, click Change, and then click More.

    You can furthermore enter a preferred Internet domain cognomen for each individual network or Internet connection. You might want to consume your company’s domain cognomen on the network connection, and your ISP’s domain cognomen on a dial-up connection. To accomplish this, view the network connection’s properties dialog, click the Advanced button, select the DNS tab, and enter the domain cognomen under DNS Suffix for This Connection, as shown in device 6.7.

    Figure 6.7

    Figure 6.7 Enter per-connection DNS information on the connection’s Advanced Properties DNS tab.

    Also, if your ISP has provided you with more than two DNS server addresses, click Add to enter additional addresses on this selfsame tab.

  • Unless your network’s DNS server supports dynamic IP address registration, uncheck Register This Connection’s Addresses in DNS.
  • Click OK to proximate the dialogs.
  • On Vista, succeed these steps:

  • Click Start, right-click Network, and select Properties.
  • Select Manage Network Connections.
  • Locate the icon corresponding to your LAN adapter. It is probably named Local zone Connection or Wireless Connection. Right-click this icon and select Properties.
  • Confirm the User Account Control prompt.
  • Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and click Properties.
  • Then succeed the steps previously described for assigning an IP address on Windows XP, starting at step 4.

    Configuring Additional Useful Network Services

    Besides the TCP/IP protocol and network services that are installed by default with Windows, you may want to install some additional services manually as share of your network setup.

    Link flat Topology Discovery (LLTD) for XP

    Windows Vista includes a network map feature that shows a diagram of the devices and computers on your network. The map is constructed from data collected by the Link flat Topology Discovery (LLTD) protocol. Vista comes with LLTD software preinstalled, but to find it in XP you must believe Service Pack 3 installed. Thus, if you believe computers running both Windows Vista and XP Service Pack 2 on your network, the XP SP2 computers don’t prove up on Vista’s Network Map.

    To install LLTD support on XP without installing Service Pack 3, achieve the following steps on each of your XP computers:

  • Visit and search for “KB922120.” Select the search result titled “Download Details: Link Layer Topology Discovery (LLTD) Responder (KB922120).”
  • Click Continue to achieve Windows license validation.
  • Download and then flee the small installer program.
  • Internet Gateway Device Discovery and Control Client

    If you are using a hardware Internet-sharing router or Windows Internet Connection Sharing, you should install the Internet Gateway Device Discovery and Control Client on every single your Windows XP computers. This service places an icon in each computer’s Network Connections folder that lets users monitor and manage the Internet connection that is hosted on the sharing computer or the router.

    To install the Discovery and Control Service, succeed these steps on each XP computer:

  • Log on as a Computer Administrator.
  • Open the Network Connections window.
  • From the menu, select Advanced, Optional Networking Components.
  • Select Networking Services and click Details.
  • Check both Internet Gateway Device Discovery and Control Client and UPnP User Interface, and click OK.
  • Click Next.
  • When this service has been installed, an icon appears in your Network Connections window for your router or other network devices. You can double-click this icon to open the device’s setup and control page. What appears varies from device to device, but it’s usually the device’s built-in setup web page.

    Universal Plug and Play

    If you consume a hardware connection-sharing router or Internet Connection Sharing, you may furthermore want to esteem enabling a feature called Universal Plug and Play (UPnP). UPnP provides a way for software running on your computer to communicate with the router. Here’s what UPnP can do:

  • It provides a means for the router to expose software on your computer that it is separated from the Internet by Network Address Translation. Some software—Remote Assistance and the video and audio parts of Windows Messenger in particular—ask the computer on the other discontinuance of the connection to establish a connection back to your IP address. On a network with a shared connection, however, the IP address that the computer sees is not the public IP address that the shared Internet connection uses. UPnP lets software such as Remote Assistance find out what its public IP address is. It furthermore provides a way for the router to suggest alternate port numbers if several computers on the network want to provide the selfsame service (for example, if several users ship Remote Assistance requests).
  • It provides a means for software running on the network to expose the router to forward expected incoming connections to the redress computer. Remote Assistance and Windows Messenger again are two well-behaved examples. When the computer on the other discontinuance of the connection starts sending data, the router does not know to ship it to your computer. UPnP lets UPnP-aware application programs automatically set up forwarding in the router.
  • UPnP provides a means for printers and perhaps other types of as-yet-undeveloped hardware devices to advertise their presence on the network so that Windows can automatically pick advantage of the services they provide.
  • UPnP has a downside, however: It has no built-in security mechanism, so any program on any computer on your network could potentially pick control of the router and open “holes” for incoming connections (and there are already some viruses and Trojan horses that pick advantage of this). However, Windows Firewall or your third-party firewall package will still provide some protection. Windows Firewall warns you if an undesired program prepares to receive incoming network connections, and this cannot exist disabled as long as you are not using a Computer Administrator user account. In addition, most third-party firewalls inform you if an unrecognized program requests either incoming or outgoing network connections. UPnP mistreat is not yet a serious problem. If you consume Remote Assistance or Windows Messenger, the benefits that UPnP provides mostly outweigh the risks.

    To consume UPnP, you must enable the feature in your router. It’s usually disabled by default. If your router doesn’t currently support UPnP, you may believe to download and install a firmware upgrade from the manufacturer. Most routers now accomplish support UPnP.

    On Windows XP, UPnP is enabled by default. If you believe a UPnP router or Windows Internet Connection Sharing running on your network, the Network Connections screen should panoply an icon for the router as shown in device 6.8.

    Figure 6.8

    Figure 6.8 If your router supports UPnP, an Internet Gateway icon should loom in Network Connections.

    On Vista, UPnP is controlled by the Network Discovery setting, which is enabled by default on private networks and disabled on public networks. To manually control Network Discovery on Vista, succeed these steps:

  • Click Start, Control Panel.
  • Select the Network and Internet link, and then select Network and Sharing Center.
  • At the bottom of the page, check the setting for Network Discovery. To change it, click the round v button, select Turn On or Turn Off Network Discovery, click Apply, and then verify the User Account Control prompt.
  • When UPnP is working, on XP you should descry an icon for your router or gateway under the title Internet Connection in the Network Connections window. If you right-click this icon and select Status, you’ll descry a dialog similar to the one shown in device 6.9, displaying the status of the router’s connection. If your Internet service uses a connection-based system such as PPPoE or standard dial-up service via a modem, this dialog may panoply a button that lets you connect to and disconnect from your ISP.

    Click Properties and then Settings to panoply a list of network services for which the router is forwarding incoming connections to computers on your network. This list shows only forwarding settings made via UPnP. Services you’ve forwarded using the setup screens on your router, such as Remote Desktop, as discussed in the online Appendix C, accomplish not loom here and unusual settings should not exist made here—they usually evanesce when the router is reset.

    On Vista, the icon appears in the Network Map in the Network and Sharing Center. every single you can accomplish with it is select Properties, and from the properties log, View Device Web Page. (The capability to monitor port forwarding is not available on Vista.)

    Designating a Master Browser

    Windows uses a database of known online computers to build the panoply known variously as Network Neighborhood, Computers Near Me, or View Workgroup Computers. The database is managed by a software service called the Browser Service. It runs on one of your computers, which is designated the “master browser.” The master browser is selected by an automatic election held by the computers on the network. In addition, on a larger network some computers may exist elected as backup browser servers.

    When you are running a network with different versions of Windows, or if your computers don’t every single believe the exact selfsame list of protocols installed, this service sometimes malfunctions: The election goes haywire (perhaps because of the Windows equivalent of the hanging chad), or the database is filled incorrectly, or other problems occur. The result is that the Network Neighborhood panoply doesn’t office correctly even though the computers clearly can communicate with each other (for example, one can map network drives to folders shared by the invisible computers).

    If you find that this occurs on your network, you may want to constrain the master browser service to flee on a designated Windows XP or Vista computer that is always left on. This can serve stabilize the list of local computers.

    To configuration this work you believe to configure one computer to always exist the master browser, and configure every single the other computers never to offer to exist the master. To configuration these settings on a computer running Windows Vista, XP, 2000, or NT you believe to edit the Registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Browser\Parameters. Two values can exist altered (refer to Chapter 5, “Tweaking and Tuning Windows,” for more details on editing the Registry):


    Possible Settings


    True—This computer will exist the master browser

    False—Master is determined by election


    No—Never serve as master

    Yes—Ask to exist the preferred master

    Auto—Offer to exist master if needed

    If you want to constrain one computer to exist the master browser in every single circumstances, set the IsDomainMasterBrowser value to dependable on that computer and mistaken on every single others. If you want to set one computer to exist the preferred browser, but let others step in if the master is unavailable, just set the MaintainServerList key to Yes on the preferred computer, and exist sure to turn it on before the others.

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    Red Tape Rising: A 2011 Mid-Year Report | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Abstract: Following a record year of rulemaking, the Obama Administration is continuing to unleash more costly red tape. In the first six months of the 2011 fiscal year, 15 major regulations were issued, with annual costs exceeding $5.8 billion and one-time implementation costs approaching $6.5 billion. No major rulemaking actions were taken to reduce regulatory burdens during this period. Overall, the Obama Administration imposed 75 unusual major regulations from January 2009 to mid-FY 2011, with annual costs of $38 billion. There were only six major deregulatory actions during that time, with reported savings of just $1.5 billion. This flood of red tape will undoubtedly persist, as hundreds of unusual regulations stemming from the vast Dodd–Frank pecuniary regulation law, Obamacare, and the EPA’s global warming crusade forward through the regulatory pipeline—all of which further weakens an anemic economy and job creation, while undermining Americans’ fundamental freedoms. Action by Congress as well as the President to stem this regulatory surge is essential.

    The Hidden Tax

    Most Americans are every single too confidential with the income, property, and sales taxes that shrink paychecks and increase the cost of most every product and service. Just as significant—although less visible—are the ever-increasing costs of regulation. Every facet of daily life, including how Americans heat their homes and light their rooms, what food they buy and how they cook it, the toys that occupy their children and the volume of their television commercials, are controlled by government’s ballooning compendium of dos and don’ts. The attendant costs of each one constitutes a “hidden tax.”

    Many people may esteem that regulatory costs are a business problem. Indeed, they are, but the costs of regulation are inevitably passed on to consumers in the configuration of higher prices and limited product choices. Basic items, such as toilets, showerheads, lightbulbs, mattresses, washing machines, dryers, cars, ovens, refrigerators, television sets, and bicycles, every single cost significantly more because of government decrees on energy use, product labeling, and performance standards that evanesce well beyond safety—as well as hundreds of millions of hours of testing and paperwork to document compliance.

    There is no official accounting of total regulatory costs, and estimates vary. Unlike the budgetary accounting of direct tax revenues, Washington does not track the total burdens imposed by its expansive rulemaking. An oft-quoted evaluate of $1.75 trillion[1] annually represents nearly twice the amount of individual income taxes collected eventual year.[2]

    Increased Burdens in 2011

    The cost of unusual regulations, however, can exist tracked, and it is growing substantially. Following record increases in fiscal year (FY) 2010, regulatory burdens believe continued to increase in 2011. Overall, from the birth of the Obama Administration to mid-FY 2011, regulators believe imposed $38 billion in unusual costs on the American people, more than any comparable age on record.

    In total, according to the Government Accountability Office, 1,827 rulemaking proceedings were completed during the first six months of FY 2011 (between October 1, 2010, and March 31, 2011). Of these, 37 were classified as “significant/substantive” or “major,” meaning they each had an expected economic repercussion of at least $100 million per year.

    Fifteen of those rulemakings increased regulatory burdens (defined as imposing unusual limits or mandates on private-sector activity).[3] No major rulemaking actions decreased regulatory burdens during the first half of fiscal 2011.

    The annual costs of the 15 unusual major regulations total more than $5.8 billion, according to estimates by the regulatory agencies. In addition, the regulations impose nearly $6.5 billion in one-time implementation costs.[4]

    It should exist illustrious that the additional costs comprise $1.8 billion annually for compliance, and one-time implementation expenses of $5.2 billion, stemming from unusual emissions limits on industrial and commercial boilers and incinerators. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently announced it would reconsider these rules, and postponed their effectual dates pending that reconsideration. But the rules remain on the books. The postponement will extend until judicial review is concluded or the agency completes its reconsideration, whichever is earlier.[5] While the reconsideration of these costly rules is welcome, the continuing uncertainty constitutes a significant cost, as businesses are constrained from undertaking expansion, developing unusual products, or making efficiency improvements.

    The totals furthermore comprise five sets of complex regulations promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to control pecuniary institutions. While the SEC estimated the costs imposed by these rules at just over $180 million, that device only reflects a minuscule portion of the total burden. For example, costs related to the staff time required to comply with three of the regulations are not included in the SEC’s estimate, although that may constitute three-quarters of the total man hours required to comply. Specifically, the SEC calculated the costs of “outside” professional services needed to fulfill three of the unusual regulations, but did not comprise costs for the 317,926 hours of “internal” work that regulatory compliance requires. Perhaps more important, the figures accomplish not comprise reductions in efficiency or forgone innovation, the costs of which could dwarf the direct compliance burden.[6]

    Other notable unusual rules comprise expansion of the Americans with Disabilities Act, restrictions on the expenditures of health insurers, and increases in minimum wages for immigrants.

    Unprecedented Growth in Red Tape in the Obama Era

    The unusual regulations continue a multiyear trend of heavier burdens placed on the U.S. economy and the American people. This trend did not start with the presidency of Barack Obama; the Administration of George W. Bush, for example, generated more than $60 billion in additional annual regulatory costs.[7]

    However, the rate at which burdens are growing has accelerated under the Obama Administration. During its first 26 months—from taking office to mid-FY 2011—the Obama Administration has imposed 75 unusual major regulations with reported costs to the private sector exceeding $40 billion. During the selfsame period, six major rulemaking proceedings reduced regulatory burdens by an estimated $1.5 billion, still leaving a net increase of more than $38 billion.

    The actual cost of the unusual regulations is almost certainly higher, for several reasons. First, the reported totals accomplish not comprise “non-major” rules, i.e., those deemed unlikely to cost $100 million or more annually. Moreover, as agencies evaluate the impacts of their own rules, costs are routinely minimized. Nor accomplish agencies always analyze the costs of proposed rules. Twelve of the 75 major regulations adopted by the Obama Administration through the discontinuance of March 2011 did not comprise quantified costs.

    The regulations imposed comprise fuel economy and emission standards for passenger cars, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles, with an annual cost of $10.8 billion; energy conservation standards for lightbulbs, with an annual cost of $700 million; constraints on “short sales” of securities, at $1.2 billion; and a slew of other costly regulations related to the Dodd–Frank pecuniary regulation statute and Obamacare health regulations.

    No other President has burdened businesses and individuals with a higher number and larger cost of regulations in a comparable time period. President Bush was in his third year before unusual costs hit $4 billion. President Obama achieved the selfsame in 12 months.

    More Regulators, Bigger Budgets

    In addition to the costs imposed on the private sector, regulations swell the government workforce and fatten the federal budget. According to a report by the Weidenbaum heart on the Economy, Government, and Public Policy and The George Washington University’s Regulatory Studies Center, regulatory staff at federal agencies (full-time equivalents) increased about 3 percent between 2009 and 2010, from 262,241 to 271,235, and is estimated to climb another 4 percent—to 281,832—in 2011. Federal outlays for developing and enforcing regulations are furthermore expected to grow by 4 percent this year, from $46.9 billion in 2010 (in constant 2005 dollars) to $48.9 billion.[8]

    More Costly Regulations Looming. The torrent of unusual regulation will not discontinuance any time soon. The regulatory pipeline is chock complete of proposed rules. The spring 2011 Unified Agenda (also known as the Semiannual Regulatory Agenda) lists 2,785 rules (proposed and final) in the pipeline. Of those, 144 were classified as “economically significant.” With each of the 144 pending major rules expected to cost at least $100 million annually, they delineate at least $14 billion in unusual burdens each year.

    This is an increase of 15.2 percent in the number of economically significant rules in the agenda between spring 2010 and spring 2011. Moreover, in the past decade, the number of such rules has increased a whopping 102 percent, rising from 71 to 144 since 2001.[9]

    More Regulations in the Pipeline

    Timid Regulatory Review. In January, responding to criticism that the regulatory tribulation had grown too onerous, and acknowledging the necessity to eradicate ineffective and harmful regulations, President Obama issued an executive order calling for an agency-by-agency review of existing regulations. On May 26, the Administration released introductory results from that review, identifying numerous regulations that could exist eased. Among them:

  • Modification of an EPA regulation that defined milk as an “oil,” thus requiring dairy spills to exist treated as hazardous. According to the agency, exempting milk from the regulation will redeem dairies around $1.4 billion over the next 10 years.
  • Elimination of an EPA requirement that gas stations maintain gas vapor recovery systems, which is redundant with air pollution controls on cars today. Estimated savings: $67 million per year.
  • Modification of a Department of Transportation (DOT) requirement that railroads only maintain automated anti-collision systems in areas where they are actually needed. Savings: up to $400 million in implementation costs.
  • Overall, the Administration claims that the changes identified, if implemented, could reduce regulatory costs by about $1 billion per year.

    But it is too soon for Americans to breathe a collective sigh of regulatory relief. The promised tribulation reductions are still only a fraction of the unusual burdens being constantly created. Moreover, many of the reforms identified are the low-hanging fruit of regulatory excesses which should believe been plucked long ago. The milk regulation has been in position since the 1970s, and a request to eradicate dairies from the regulations had been submitted to the EPA four years ago. Similarly, the problems with the anti-collision systems mandated by the DOT believe long been known. In fact, the DOT was sued over the issue more than a year ago by the railroad industry, and the agency only committed to reforming the mandates as share of a legal settlement.

    Lastly, it should exist illustrious that independent agencies, such as the Federal Communications Commission, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the unusual Consumer pecuniary Protection Bureau (considered by many to exist the most powerful regulatory agency yet established), did not participate in the initial review process.[10]

    The Administration’s review of unnecessary regulations is a step in the right direction, but it should exist more serious and comprehensive than what has been offered thus far.

    Steps for Congress

    To protect Americans and the economy against runaway regulators under any Administration, additional oversight is necessary. Specifically, Congress should pick several steps to increase scrutiny of unusual and existing regulations to ensure that each is necessary, and that costs are minimized. Congress should:

  • Require congressional approval of unusual major rules promulgated by agencies. Under the 1996 Congressional Review Act, Congress has the means to veto unusual regulations. To date, however, that authority has been used successfully only once. Under legislation introduced in the House by Congressman Geoff Davis (R–KY) (H.R. 10) and in the Senate by Senator Rand Paul (R–KY) (S. 299), the review process would exist strengthened by requiring congressional approval before any major regulation takes effect. Such a system would ensure a congressional check on regulators, as well as ensure the accountability of Congress itself.
  • Create a Congressional Office of Regulatory Analysis. Congress needs the capability to review proposed and existing rules independently, without reliance on the Office of Management and Budget or the regulatory agencies. A Congressional Office of Regulatory Analysis, modeled on the Congressional Budget Office, would provide an notable backstop to, and check on, the executive branch’s regulatory powers. Such an office would furthermore serve Congress better evaluate the regulatory consequences of the legislation it enacts. While it is light to blame regulators for unreasonable rulemaking, much of the problem stems from overly expansive or ill-defined statutory language. A congressional office to review legislation before adoption could serve address the problem.
  • Establish a sunset date for federal regulations. While the President has asked agencies to review their existing rules and eradicate those that are unnecessary, these requirements are insufficient. Even the best plans for occasional review will tumble short if there are no consequences when an agency fails to adequately scrutinize the regulations it has imposed. The natural bureaucratic tendency is to leave frail rules and regulations in place, even if they believe outlived their usefulness. To ensure that substantive review occurs, regulations should automatically expire if not explicitly reaffirmed by the agency through a notice and comment rulemaking. As with any such regulatory decision, this re-affirmation would exist subject to review by the courts.
  • Conclusion

    Despite the weak economy, the Obama Administration has continued to increase the regulatory tribulation on Americans in the first half of FY 2011, with 15 unusual major regulations imposing $5.8 billion in additional annual costs, as well as $6.5 billion in one-time implementation costs.

    From the birth of the Obama Administration to the discontinuance of March 2011, a staggering 75 unusual major regulations, with costs exceeding $38 billion, believe been adopted. While the President has acknowledged the necessity to rein in regulation, the steps taken to date believe fallen far short. The President cannot believe it both ways—having identified overregulation as a problem, he must pick actual and significant steps to rein it in. At the selfsame time, Congress—which shares much of the blame for unreasonable regulation—must step in, establishing censorious mechanisms and institutions to ensure that unnecessary and excessively costly regulations are not imposed on the U.S. economy and the American people. Without such crucial steps, the costs of red tape will continue to grow, and Americans—and the U.S. economy—will exist the victims.

    —James L. Gattuso is Senior Research Fellow in Regulatory Policy in the Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies, and Diane Katz is Research Fellow in Regulatory Policy in the Thomas A. Roe Institute, at The heritage Foundation.

    Appendix A

    Data on the number and cost of rules are based on rules reported to Congress by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) pursuant to the Congressional Review Act of 1996. U.S. Government Accountability Office, Federal Rules Database, at (July 19, 2011).

    Rules included are those categorized as either “major” or “significant/substantive.” Rules which accomplish not involve regulations limiting activity or mandating activity by the private sector were excluded. Thus, for instance, budgetary rules which set reimbursement rates for Medicaid or conditions for receipt of agricultural subsidies were excluded.

    The GAO database includes rulemakings from every single agencies, including independent agencies, such as the Federal Communications Commission and the Securities and Exchange Commission, which are not required to submit analyses to the Office of Management and Budget for review. If an agency did not prepare an analysis, or did not quantify costs, no amount was included, although the rule was included in the count of major rules.

    Cost figures were based on Regulatory repercussion Analyses conducted by agencies promulgating each rule. The agencies’ totals were then adjusted to constant 2010 dollars using the GDP deflator. Where applicable, a 7 percent discount rate was used. Where a ambit of values was given by an agency, costs were based on the most likely scenario if so indicated by the agency; otherwise the mid-point value was used. The date of a rule was based, for classification purposes, on the date of publication in the Federal Register. Rules after January 20, 2009, were attributed to the Obama Administration.

    In a number of cases, reported costs differ from those reported in previous versions of “Red Tape Rising.” Such changes were made as a result of refinements to their analysis, or to redress errors. The most substantial change was the addition of a rule expanding the application of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Although this rule was published in the Federal Register on September 15, it was not reported to the Government Accountability Office until March 15, after their FY 2010 estimates were published.

    As this report focuses on the cost of major rules, rather than the cost-benefit trade-off, no benefits or “negative costs” were included in this study. They believe an awareness of the total costs of regulation being imposed is itself a censorious factor in regulatory analysis, in the selfsame way that accounting for federal spending is a censorious factor in expenditure analysis. Inclusion of a rule in their totals, however, is not meant to bespeak that a particular rule is justified. For actions reducing regulatory burdens, they used estimates provided by agencies that described the savings to consumers or society from the action.

    Appendix B

    Major Regulations that increase Private-Sector Burdens

    October 2010–March 2011

    October 2010
  • October 14, 2010, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, “Regulation and Enforcement: Oil and Gas and Sulphur Operations in the Outer Continental Shelf—Increased Safety Measures for Energy evolution on the Outer Continental Shelf.” Cost: $183.1 million annually.

    The interim final regulation amends drilling regulations related to well control, well casing and cementing, secondary intervention, unplanned disconnects, recordkeeping, well completion and well plugging for oil and gas exploration, and evolution on the Outer Continental Shelf.

  • October 20, 2010, Department of Labor, Employee Benefits Security Administration, “Fiduciary Requirements for Disclosure in Participant-Directed Individual Account Plans.” Cost: $384.4 million annually.

    The final regulation requires the disclosure of inescapable blueprint and investment-related information, including fee and expense information, to participants and beneficiaries in participant-directed individual account plans.

  • October 20, 2010, Securities and Exchange Commission, “Reporting of Security-Based Swap Transaction Data.” Cost: $50.3 million annually; $6.2 million start-up.

    The interim final temporary regulation requires specified counterparties to pre-enactment security-based swap transactions to report inescapable information to a registered data repository or to the SEC.

  • November 2010
  • November 15, 2010, Securities and Exchange Commission, “Risk Management Controls for Brokers or Dealers With Market Access.” Cost: $112.9 million annually; $114.4 million start-up.

    The final regulation requires brokers or dealers trading securities on an exchange or an alternative trading system to establish, document, and maintain a system of risk management controls and supervisory procedures.

  • December 2010
  • December 1, 2010, Department of Health and Human Services, “Health Insurance Issuers Implementing Medical Loss Ratio Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable imbue Act.” Cost: $948.3 million annually; $48.1 million start-up.

    The interim final regulation implements the requirements of Obamacare for insurers to spend a government-regulated ratio of premium revenue on medical care.

  • December 28, 2010, Consumer Product Safety Commission, “Safety Standards for Full-Size Baby Cribs and Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs; Final Rule.” Cost: $387 million start-up.

    The final regulation adopts unusual safety standards for baby cribs.

  • January 2011
  • January 19, 2011, Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, “Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, Ejection Mitigation; Phase-In Reporting Requirements; Incorporation by Reference.” Cost: $511.8 million annually.

    The final regulation establishes a unusual federal motor vehicle safety standard to reduce the partial and complete ejection of occupants through side windows in crashes, particularly rollover crashes.

  • January 19, 2011, Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, “Wage Methodology for the Temporary Non-agricultural Employment H-2B Program.” Cost: $847.4 million annually.

    The final regulation amends regulations governing the certification for employment of nonimmigrant workers in temporary or seasonal non-agricultural employment. It furthermore revises the methodology by which the Department of Labor calculates the prevalent wages to exist paid to H-2B workers and others in connection with a temporary labor certification.

  • January 25, 2011, Securities and Exchange Commission, “Issuer Review of Assets in Offerings of Asset-Backed Securities.” Cost: $8.4 million annually. (The cost device only reflects “outside” professional assistance, and not the costs of an additional 6,968 “internal” tribulation hours.)

    The final regulation implements a Dodd–Frank provision requiring any issuer registering the offer and sale of an asset-backed security to achieve and disclose a review of assets underlying the offering.

  • January 26, 2011, Securities and Exchange Commission, “Disclosure for Asset-Backed Securities Required by Section 943 of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform.” Cost: $2.2 million annually, plus $23 million in one-time up-front costs. (The cost device only reflects “outside” professional assistance, and not the costs of an additional 286,016 “internal” tribulation hours.)

    The regulation implements a Dodd–Frank provision requiring securitizers of asset-backed securities to disclose fulfilled and unfulfilled repurchase requests. It furthermore requires “statistical rating organizations” (credit agencies) to divulge a variety of information about asset-backed securities in any credit rating provided in connection with an offering.

  • February 2011
  • February 2, 2011, Securities and Exchange Commission, “Shareholder Approval of Executive Compensation and Golden Parachute Compensation.” Cost: $7.8 million annually. (The cost device only reflects “outside” professional assistance, and not the costs of an estimated 24,942 additional hours of “internal” work.)

    The final regulation implements a Dodd–Frank provision requiring a separate shareholder advisory vote to endorse executive compensation. It furthermore requires companies soliciting votes to endorse merger or acquisition transactions to provide disclosure of inescapable “golden parachute” compensation arrangements and, in some circumstances, to conduct a shareholder advisory vote to endorse the golden parachute compensation arrangements.

  • March 2011
  • March 21, 2011, Environmental Protection Agency, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for zone Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers.” Cost: $545 million annually.

    The final regulation sets national emission standards for emissions for two “area source” categories: industrial boilers and commercial and institutional boilers.

  • March 21, 2011, Environmental Protection Agency, “National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters.” Cost: $1.8 billion annually; $5.2 billion start-up.

    The final regulation establishes emission standards for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at “major sources” requiring application of the maximum achievable control technology.

  • March 21, 2011, Environmental Protection Agency, “Standards of Performance for unusual Stationary Sources and Emission Guidelines for Existing Sources: Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units.” Cost: $285.3 million annually; $719.2 million start-up.

    The final regulation establishes unusual source performance standards and emission guidelines for commercial and industrial solid waste incineration units.

  • March 25, 2011, Equal Employment opening Commission, “Regulations to Implement the Equal Employment Provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act, As Amended.” Cost: $121.5 million annually.

    The regulation and interpretive guidance implements the ADA Amendments Act of 2008. The result of the changes is to configuration it easier for an individual seeking protection under the ADA to establish that he or she has a disability.

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